Anne Boyd's Portfolio

Photography 1Photography 1 is all about getting comfortable with the camera. I learned about proper camera care and what should be in my camera bag. Most importantly, I learned about the role of each button and setting on my camera and how they affect the pictures I take. The end of photography 1 was difficult for me as I was on crutches and then wearing a boot/cast combo for ISO, portraits, my redo of FOV, and landscape. Thankfully, Ms. Morell was very understanding and even let me turn in my ISO project late.
Aperture:Aperture is the size of the opening in the lens that determines the amount of light falling on the film or sensor. Aperture halves the amount of incoming light and is controlled by an adjustable diaphragm of over-lapping blades. The exposure and depth of field are affected so a change in aperture changes how much of the photograph is in focus besides the main focal point. The bigger the hole the smaller the number and the less in focus the photograph is. Aperture is shown as f-stop or f/# on the camera.
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Shutter Speed:Shutter speed determines how long the film or sensor is exposed to light by the opening and closing of a shutter. Shutter speed is measured in fractions of a second, the higher the number, the faster the speed. I learned that if the shutter speed is below 1/60th then a tripod is required to make sure everything remains in focus. When taking pictures of people, the shutter speed can never be below 1/60th and it should be even higher for animals. The optimal shutter speed depends on the situation, for example, spots should have a high shutter speed to freeze the frame. Another part of shutter speed is panning. Panning is following your subject during exposure at a shutter speed of 1/30th or slower to keep the subject in focus while the background blurs to create a sense of motion.
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Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds determines where the subject or point of interest should be placed in a photograph. There are 24 points of interest to use, divided into a grid of 3x3. Unless the rule of thirds is being deliberately broken, the subject/point of interest should not be in the center. The rule of thirds is also used for landscapes. The horizon is usually placed on the bottom third or the top third, so the main place of interest takes up 2/3rds of the photograph.

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Field of ViewField of view is the area that is visible in the camera. It is determined by the angle of view from the lens which means the angle and focal length of the camera changes the picture. For this project we had to change the focal length for each picture. We had a wide angle picture (35mm or less), a standard angle (about 50mm), and a telephoto shot (80mm or more).
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MergersOne of the main rules of composition is to avoid mergers. This means that key parts of the main subject cannot overlap, touch the sides of the frame, or touch other key subjects. Occasionally two colors on separate subjects or things will be too similar creating amerger. The picture cannot be cut off at the boob, junk, knee, or elbow line. The subject also cannot be cut off at the feet.
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PortraitThe point of portraits can vary, but mainly you want to make the person look as nice as possible as well as show a bit of the subjects personality. There are 20 techniques used to take a portrait, each of which we had to try. Examples of these techniques are filling the frame, playing with expression, and introducing movement. Also, the f-stop always needs to be above f-8 and the shutter speed should never be below 1/60th even with a tripod because people are always moving.
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LandscapeLandscape has a number of guidelines to guarantee that the picture turns out well. You want to maximize your depth of field with an f-stop of f-16 or higher and ONLY an increase of ISO if there is poor light. If you can, use a tripod to get a smooth shot, which means that you can use a long shutter speed to slow down things like water. The horizon is never crooked or in the middle, it is placed at the bottom or top line to take up 2/3rds of the photo. A photographer can look at the sky to help decided where to place the horizon, if it is appealing, let the sky fill the space, if bland, have it only take up 1/3 of the photo. Landscape also uses the rule of thirds with the main focal point. Work with the golden hours instead of a simple sunny day and never let something man made dominate the photo. We were allowed to turn in one black and white photo.
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Black and WhiteWe were allowed to choose our final project and my class chose black and white photography. The most important aspect of B/W photography is to find contrast, this is easier if you make use of lighting with side lighting, front lighting, etc. Overcast days are the best days to shoot if you are outside. Patterns, shapes, and textures look good in B/W. A low ISO is especially important for B/W and leading lines or framing can help improve the photo. It is important to have both a pure black and a pure white in B/W photography. Boyd_BW01.jpgBoyd_BW02.jpgBoyd_BW03.jpg



Photography 2
Photography 2 gives you the chance to explore different genres in greater depth. We had a lot of guest lecturers, each with their own style, experiences, and advice. We also learned how to use Photoshop. Photography 2 is all about giving you more freedom and letting you refine your own style.
Project 1For project 1 I chose to do portraits because I was unhappy with the ones I took in photography 1. I did some mild editing, mainly to change the brightness and contrast in my photos. I wish I had spent more time shooting in order to get a variety of photos. I also wish I had spent more time on research for this project because I really only used my notes from photography 1 and looked for a photographer to imitate. I ended up not imitating the photographer I found and though the photos turned out fine, I didn't find them creative or even very interesting. I think the thing that saved me was having a photogenic model.
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Project 2I used a Pentax camera for my film project. Using film was fun even though I didn't like the limited number of photos I could take and the fact that I had to develop the film. At first I took landscape pictures but when looking though the images I noticed that I had a several photos that reminded me of spring. I ended up turning them in as a project on seasonal transition, or winter changing into spring. I did some brightness contrast and dodging and burning in this project to focus on the subject and to get rid of shadows making mergers in the background.
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Project 3For project 3 I decided to do urban landscape though I switched it to rural decay after looking at pictures from the Great Depression. I hiked up to two abandoned homesteads from the 60s and took pictures of them. I didn't do any editing because I wanted them to document the homes. For project 3 we had to mat and mount our photos for the show at Treft Punkt. Even though learning how to make our photos presentable was neat, it was also a lot of work and I had to go in at lunch numerous times in order to finish before they were due.
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Project 4For project 4 I decided to do fashion, a genre I'd been looking forward to all year. I did a lot of research but didn't find one person in particular I wanted to imitate because I liked so many styles. Instead I decided to imitate different styles of fashion photography with each model I used. This ended up being hard because I had to work around the schedules of my models and there were a lot of last minute cancellations due to illness and homework. I ended up shooting three different girls but only turned in photos of one. For Angie, my model, I decided to imitate the type of photos you would see in a Nordstrom catalog. I did a lot of editing on all three of the photos. I darkened makeup and pupils while lightening the irises. I got rid of some blemishes like acne, stray strands of hair, threads, lint, and minor stains on the clothing as well as of some poorly placed leaves in one shot. I used a speed light but only for certain locations because my images were blown out even without it. I'm pretty happy with the way this project turned out even though there are some technical errors in the photos.
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PhotoshopColor Corrections

Color corrections use the dodge, burn, and sponge tools to fix the colors in your photographs. Dodging brightens photos, burning

darkens photos, and the sponge tool saturates and de-saturates photos. During critique, it was mentioned that my model's cheeks

were really red so I toned down the color.


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Masking
Masking is when you select a portion of a photo to edit. Masking can also be used to keep a portion of a picture the same while you edit the rest. In this photo I masked my model and then selected the inverse to only change the sky.

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